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搭配记念法巧解英译汉,家庭在教育中的成效

  我们事先说过,复习报考硕士[微博]拉脱维亚语要信赖真题,在回想词汇和演练阅读通晓、翻译题的时候要结成真题做搭配回想,并辅以相应的演练,下边大家就以真题为例,从当中选用出轻易现身的考试之处,让2015的考生更加深刻地掌握“搭配纪念”法。

1 Good parenting

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

  【高频考试的场地】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  3.XKF会对青少年人犯罪率发生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children’s academic performance
Are more involved in their children’s education

  4.扩大可能性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children’s
education than their own parents were.

  5.直接的报应关系还还未有创制起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可显著的来头:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.不合法的行为:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某件事发生更扩大:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译练习】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional
familystructure呈现相比较的逻辑关系,比较的多头是明天的男女与历史观家庭的男女。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children’s individuality.

  结构提醒:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语协同整合句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参谋译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①近些年,家庭也产生了一些变型。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ②单亲家庭恐怕老人都要上班的家庭更扩大,那样一来,家庭对儿女的管教比传统家庭或然会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

  ③缺点和失误父母监督被感到对青年阶下囚犯罪率有早晚的影响。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  ④其余可以找到的犯罪的行为的始末不外乎在全校的诉讼失败和破产、毒品和酒更加的轻便拿到、摧残孩子和忽视孩子的风云更加的多。

7 Good behavior

  ⑤享有那几个法规往往会增添青少年人违法的只怕性,就算它们之间一贯的因果关系还尚无规定。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

  “搭配回主见”对我们记念单词、占据翻译题有超级大的救助,但别的美妙的艺术都亟需在浓郁的练习中听得多了就能说的清楚,希望我们在之后的复习进度中,能依照这种措施把真题吃透,合力攻敌,你会发觉功能实在不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their
decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/
contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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