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贰零壹陆年考研葡萄牙语语法长难句精析,保加汉诺威语阅读真题精粹必背长难句

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  2015年考研[微博]泰语语法长难句精析(意气风发)

  第八天:抓住阅读五层递进——阅读必背句子

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  考研韩文长难句深入分析涉及到各种题型,考生假如能够无误的通晓长难句,然后再组成各题型的技术,考生在做题时就能够百步穿杨了,当然,最中央的词汇底子是要贯穿到复习的顺序阶段,方今考生有了鲜明的词汇底子,並且对于根基语法也是有早晚的问询,不过蒙受长难句时就麻烦出手,上面老师给考目生享下什么样精析长难句。

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有不能够贫乏纯熟长难句的体系以致它们分别的要害。今日先介绍长难句的把握方法,再提交一些规范的语句,建议熟读以致背诵,以完毕考试时相遇相符句子就能够抓住重视。

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  1. The physicist rightly dreads preciseargument, since an argument
that is convincing only if it is precise loses allits force if the
assumptions on which it is based are slightly changed whereasan argument
that is convincing though imprecise may well be stable under
smallperturbations of its underlying assumptions。

  豆蔻梢头、 长难句平常应对计谋

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有供给熟习长难句的项目以至它们各自的重要。上面给出一些天下第大器晚成的句子,建议熟读甚至背诵,以成功考试时遇上雷同句子就能够掀起重大。

  分析:本句的定语从句超级多,首先要分清主干,然后依照从句调节语序:since后的为主是:an argument loses all its force,argument 后的that辅导的是定语从句修饰argument,if引导的是原则状语从句,if后的主导是:the assumptions are slightly changed.  on which 修饰assumption,
whereas后的主干是:an argument may well be stable. 此中that是教导argument的定语从句,under前边的是状语。

  1.从句又多又长:四个主句带五个从句,从句中又包括从句

  1、复合句

  参照他事他说加以考察翻译:化学家有理由怀念正确的斟酌,假诺遵照这一个商议的借使发生变化,那么那些值得信任的座谈就能够错过它抱有的威力,可是在秘密的比方下,这几个虽不正确但还值得信任的座谈或许依旧值得烦闷。

  应对方法:先抓大旨,搜索复杂句中最主题的主谓宾,再层层张开

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal。

  2. He is referring to the upsurge ofinterest in mobile television, a
nascent industry at the intersection oftelecoms and media which offers
new opportunities to device-makers,content producers and mobile-network
operators。

  2.句子中含有长长的插入成分:用插入语来交代某句话是何人说的要么是出口人的地位,或表达、表明前边的内容

  [布局分析]

  深入解析:本句的大旨是:He is referring to the upsurgeof interest in
mobile television. 逗号后是同位语从句修饰mobile
television,在同位语从句中现身whichoffers new opportunities to
device-makers, content producers and mobile-networkoperators.
教导的定语从句,补充表明nascent industry。

  应对措施:驾驭句子主干时,先不理会插入语,等把主句的意思看完整,然后再看插入成分

  本句的为主是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When引导贰个时间状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是一个并列分句,表示原因,个中for前边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable指导状语从句,表示妥胁。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是格局主语,前边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是真正的主语。

  参谋翻译:他提及了大家对活动电视机的顶天踵地兴趣,那是叁个在邮电通讯和媒体领域有陆续的新兴行业,它给配备创建商、TV内容制作者甚至活动互联网运行商提供了新的空子。

  3. 分词短语、独立主格结构的郁闷

  [参照译文]

  3. Meanwhile, Apple Computer, whichlaunched a video-capable version
of its iPod portable music-player in October,is striking deals with
television networks to expand the range of shows thatcan be purchased
for viewing on the device, including “Lost”,

  应对措施:主句最重大的特征正是有总体的主谓结构,极其是独自的谓语部分。一个贴近句子的构造,若无单独的谓语部分,它就不是句子,而是分词短语、独立主格结构等,能够先跳过不看

  当艺术上的黄金年代项国民党的新生活运动动达到自然流行水通常,最佳先弄清该活动倡导者的目标,因为,无论他们的写作条件在前些天总体上看多么牵强、多么荒诞,在今后那么些理论有一点都不小希望会被视为正常的事物。

  “Desperate Housewives” and “Law &Order”。

  4. 两种情景的犬牙相制

  2、并列句

  拆解解析:本句比较长,现身了非定语从句的相间结构,本句的基本是:Apple
Computer is striking deals with television networks to expandthe range
of shows…,现身了which launched a video-capable version ofits iPod
portable music-player in October,引导的定语从句修饰Apple
Computer。That指引的定语从句修饰shows。句末的分词结构including“Lost”,
“Desperate 豪斯wives”and “Law &Order”作陪伴状语,注解range
ofshows的具体内容。

  应对方法:在这里早先向后,抓住独立的谓语部分,进而区分出主句和分词状语,再依照主句与从句之间的连接词,区分出主句和从句,层层扩充领悟,插入语在哪个档次,就位于哪个档次通晓

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner。

  仿效翻译:与此同不常候,苹果计算机公司在2月贩售了风度翩翩款能够观察TV的便携式音乐播放器iPod,该公司大大帮忙了TV互连网扩展其能够供顾客购买的、用于在移动终端的剧目范围,

  二、 特殊句型

  [布局拆解解析]

  包罗《迷失》、《绝望的女主人》以致《法律与秩序》。

  对于特别句型,如设想语气,能够将其领会成意气风发种反事实要是,也正是笔者的见识和神态与之相反。对于分隔结构来说,其主干日常在破折号、逗号和定语从句之外,阅读时得以先跳过修饰元素。对于涉嫌结构,要学会搜索第二部分,因为第二部分有的时候是句子的最首要。如在not…but…之中,重视在but…事后。

  那也是三个并列排在一条线句,包涵两个分句。第多少个分句的中央是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,个中whether辅导二个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第3个分句的主导是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth。此处的乐趣是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货品”,但在本文中,我认为找专门的学业正是推销本人,所以结合本文的背景,wares的情致是“(求职者的)经历或技能”。

  以上就是大家与考生疏享的语法长难句精析,希望考生们多做这方面包车型大巴练习题,稳步驾驭解析长难句的技艺。

  三、具体句子

  [参照译文]

  二〇一六年考研匈牙利(Magyarország卡塔尔语语法长难句精析(二)

  1.复合句

  与您谈话时,可能形成你现在业主的人会设想你所受的启蒙、你的阅世和您的其余经验是不是在雇佣你今后会给他带给好处。你的“经验”和技艺必得井井有条、合理连贯地出示出来。

  考生在分条析理波兰语长难句时要注意语法在句子中的“混合搭配”,对于综合语法的运用,考生要有能分辨的慧眼,上边老师给考生详细解析:

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

  3、定语从句

  1. Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace
that theyobey simple formulae such as Moore’s law, which acts as a
battle plan for thesemiconductor industry。

  [参谋译文]

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders。

  拆解解析:本句不是非常长,结构比较清楚,主句为Some technologies do indeed
improve at such a predictable pace thatthey obey simple formulae such as
穆尔’s law,这里考生要能识别出such…that…结构;后边的
which指引非约束性定语从句,修饰先行词formulae such as 穆尔’s
law,which在从句中作主语。

  当艺术上的生龙活虎项新活动达到自然流行水平常,最好先弄清该运动倡导者的目标,因为,不论他们的编写条件在前不久综上所述多么牵强、多么荒唐,在现在这么些理论有极大只怕会被视为平常的事物。

  [布局深入分析]

  参谋译文:的确,有个别才具的前进是以黄金时代种可预测的节拍举行着,它们信守Moore定律般轻巧的公式,好比是元素半导体育工作业的行动计划。

  [布局拆解深入分析]

  本句是叁个并列句,以and连接;第八个分句的主干是The change met the
technical requirements…,前边的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的格局;第壹个分句的中坚是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前边的that指导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的意趣是“雇,聘”。

  2. Visit many online sites to research a car, and they will sell
your nameimmediately to local dealerships which will then harass you in
theold-fashioned way。

  本句的中坚是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When带领四个时光状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是三个仁同一视分句,表示原因,当中for前面包车型客车however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable指导状语从句,表示妥胁。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是花样主语,前面包车型客车不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是当真的主语。

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  拆解深入分析:本句是and辅导的多个并列分句。注意前一分句轻便了和后一分句相仿的主语they(指代互联网贩卖商)。同一时候也能够掌握为是:祈使句+and+平时以后时,后一分句中,they
will sell your nameimmediately to local
dealerships是主句,关系代词which引导定语从句whichwill then harass you in
the old fashioned way,which指代上文的一整句话。

  2.并列句

  通过任用多量的专才,这风流浪漫浮动满足了新时期的技能必要,幸免了频率下跌——在过去,这种频率减少平时使亲族集团在充满活力的创办实业者随后的第二代或第三代毁掉全数资金财产。

  参谋译文:互联网贩卖商通过拜谒大批量的网站去搜寻生机勃勃部车,然后就能够把你的名字提要求当地的代理商,那又会让您重返到从前这种购腿情势所推动的麻烦中。

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner.

  4、名词性从句

  3.  Even China’s population will be declining bythe early 2030s,
according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populationswill be
lower than they are today in 50 countries。

  [参照译文]

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request。

  解析:本句的主句为China’s population will be declining by the early
2030s。其后的定语从句which projects that by 2050populations will be
lower than they are today in 50
countries修UN,关系代词在从句中作主语,注意这里project作动词用,译为“建议”,且从句里使用了相比级。

  与您讲讲时,大概形成你现在业主的人会考虑你所受的指导、你的资历和你的别的经历是还是不是在雇佣你之后会给他带给好处。你的“经验”和技能必得整整齐齐、合理连贯地展现出来。

  [结构解析]

  仿照效法译文:联合国关于报告建议,即正是礼仪之邦,到2030年早先时代人口也将启幕依次减少。那份报告同有的时候间还提出,到2050年,将有五十几个国家的人头低于后天的程度。

  [布局剖判]

  本句的基本是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,当中notion前边的that指点三个同位语从句,表达notion的具体内容;同位语从句的为主是the
information…comes there…,此中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  4.  That is surely how history will judge moderncriticism of video
games, which are accused of turning young people intoviolent
criminals.        

  那也是二个并列排在一条线句,包罗三个分句。第二个分句的中央是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,在那之中whether指引三个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第叁个分句的主导是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth.此处的意思是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、物品”,但在本文中,作者以为找职业正是推销本身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的意趣是“(求职者的)阅世或才具”。

  [参照译文]

  深入分析:本句的主句是主系表结构:That is surely how history will judge
modern criticism of
videogames,在那之中表语是how带领的名词性从句,定语从句which are accused
ofturning young people into violent criminals修饰video
games,关系代词which指代先行词videogames,which在从句中作主语,考生要在乎这里运用了被动语态be
accused of,在翻译时大家译成主动。

  3.定语从句

  互联网文化特别体贴这样风华正茂种观点:出未来客户荧屏上的新闻应该是依照客商特定供给发送过来的。

  参谋译文:对于前几天一代那多少个指控TV娱乐使青年形成暴力囚徒的谈论者们,历史最后也将对她们作出同样的批判。

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders.

  5、状语从句

  以上正是导师与大家享用的语法在长难句中的应用,希望考生能够认真计算句子中的语法,多练习,熟悉明白。

  [参谋译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening。

  (小说来源:文都教育)

  通过任用大量的专门的学问人才,那生机勃勃扭转满意了新时期的技艺须要,幸免了功效裁减——在过去,这种频率下落常常使宗族集团在充满活力的创办实业者事后的第二代或第三代毁掉全数财产。

  [组织分析]

  [结构分析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,当中第叁个分句的着力是many
say…,say后边的有的是宾语从句,此中还包括三个as引导的投降状语从句。

  本句是二个一碗水端平句,以and连接;第二个分句的着力是The change met the
technical requirements…,前面包车型大巴介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的艺术;第叁个分句的中央是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前面包车型客车that带领的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的情趣是“雇,聘”。

  [参谋译文]

  4.名词性从句

  费用者们看上去只是某些忧郁,而从未心慌,相当多开销者说固然她们正在把开荒压缩一点,但是他们对渔人之利的浓重前程如故维持乐天。

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request.

  6、特殊结构

  [参照译文]

  (1)强调句

  网络文化非常尊敬那样豆蔻梢头种意见:出今后客商显示器上的音讯应该是基于客商特定必要发送过来的。

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating。

  [布局剖析]

  [组织解析]

  本句的骨干是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,此中notion前面包车型大巴that指导贰个同位语从句,表达notion的具体内容;同位语从句的着力是the
information…comes there…,个中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  那是八个强调句,基本构造是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,此中的焦点词是suffering,有八个修饰元素:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering这一个词除了是被重申的局地外,依旧背后that指引的从句的主语;在that指引的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of辅导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听大家吩咐)那么些定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表明ideal的表征。

  5.状语从句

  [参照译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening.

  或然就是因为人类长期以来受到旱灾和涝灾摆布的伤痛,才使她们战胜内涝的赏心悦目显得如此令人神往。

  [参照译文]

  (2)倒装结构

  花费者们看上去只是有些忧虑,而从未恐慌,相当多买主说固然她们正在把开垦压缩一点,不过他们对经济的久远前程依旧维持乐天。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West。

  [结构深入分析]

  [布局剖析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,此中第2个分句的主导是many
say…,say后边的生龙活虎对是宾语从句,在那之中还含有一个as教导的低头状语从句。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身成的倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐使用,也正是最高端。dramatize此处的情致是“优良呈现,使…戏剧化”。

  6.奇特结构

  [参谋译文]

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating.

  1976年美利坚联邦合众国的人口普遍检查数据申明,未有哪位地点比美利坚合众国最北部更能卓绝体现葡萄牙人想寻觅更朝齑暮盐的生存空间。

  [参照译文]

  (3)相比较结构

  也许就是因为人类长久以来饱受旱灾和涝灾摆布的惨恻,才使他们征性格很顽强在荆棘满途或巨大压力面前不屈山洪的精粹显得如此引人入胜。

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English。

  [布局剖判]

  [社团分析]

  这是三个重申句,基本结构是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被重申有些是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,个中的中心词是suffering,有五个修饰元素:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering这几个词除了是被重申的有的外,依然背后that指引的从句的主语;在that指导的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of指导的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听大家吩咐)这几个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表达ideal的特征。

  本句是叁个并列排在一条线句,包罗八个以and连接的分句,个中第二个分句相比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and
no more regrettable,那风华正茂有的作上述宾语的补足语,最终是比较结构no
more… than… (像…相近不…)。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West.

  [参谋译文]

  [参谋译文]

  迈克Wat先生的学术专长是语言史和言语变化。举个例子来讲,他认为“whom”生机勃勃词的日趋消散是很自然的,像古英中词格结尾的收敛同样不让人痛惜。

  1978年美利坚联邦合众国的人口普遍检查数据注明,未有哪位地方比美利坚合营国最南部更能出色展现意大利人想搜寻更广大的生存空间。

  (4)分隔结构

  [协会深入分析]

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身实形势部倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐使用,也就是最高等。dramatize此处的意味是“卓越展示,使…戏剧化”。

  [协会分析]

  7.分隔结构

  本句的宗旨是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前面包车型地铁however表示本句与前一句产生比较,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,当中with regard to的意思是“关于…”;
for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是多个玉石俱焚分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature; for前面包车型大巴从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥协,作状语;破折号之间的部分even admitting that…
也是妥协状语,此中that 指点三个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又含有定语从句on which it is based。

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature.

  [参照译文]

  [参照译文]

  但是就今后主义诗歌来讲,情况就很难说了,因为随便未来主义随笔是何等——尽管承认其辩驳底蕴是不易的——也很难将其归为文化艺术。

  不过就今后主义随想来说,景况就很难说了,因为无论是现在主义杂谈是怎么——尽管承认其论理底子是科学的——也很难将其归为法学。

  来源:万学海文

  [协会解析]

  本句的中坚是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前边的however表示本句与前一句产生相比,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,在那之中with regard
to的情趣是“关于…”;for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是叁个并列排在一条线分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature;for后边的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥胁,作状语;破折号之间的意气风发对even admitting that…
也是妥胁状语,在那之中that 教导叁个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又满含定语从句on which it is based。

  8.提到结构

  A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag
has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who
advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus
to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  [仿效译文]

  1998年进展的生龙活虎项音信调查申明,反科学的标签还被贴在别的过多团组织身上——从力主消除最终剩余的各个天花病毒的单位,到主持收缩实验商讨经费的共和党人。

  [结构分析]

  本句的为主是A survey…reveals
that…,主语是survey,谓语是reveals,前面包车型客车that辅导多少个宾语从句,其宗旨是:the
antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as
well,前面包车型大巴有些是from和to连接的多少个名词:from authorities…to
Republicans…,表达other
groups的原委,而八个名词后边各自带二个定语从句,都由who携带。

  The astonishing distrust of the news media isn’t rooted in
inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills but in the daily clash of world
views between reporters and their readers.

  [参照他事他说加以侦察译文]

  读者对消息媒体令人傻眼的不相信任而不是来自广播发表失实或通信本领比较糟糕,而是来自访员和读者之间世界观的平常冲突。

  [组织深入分析]

  本句的主干是distrust … isn’t rooted in… but in…
(不信赖的根源不是…而是…),此中be rooted in…
的意味是“根源在于…”。注意:那是豆蔻年华种特有句式,着眼在but之后的部分。

  9.难词与词组

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English.

  [参照译文]

  MikeWat先生的学问长于是语言史和语言变化。譬释尊讲,他认为“whom”朝气蓬勃词的日益消亡是很当然的,象古塞尔维亚语中词格结尾的灭绝相仿不令人心痛。

  [布局剖判]

  本句是五个并列句,满含多个以and连接的分句,当中第一个分句相比复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and no
more regrettable,这一片段作上述宾语的补足语,最终是相比结构no more…
than… (象…相近不…)。

  10.指代

  “The term ‘antiscience’ can lump together too many, quite different
things,” notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton in his 1993
work Science and Anti-Science, “They have in common only one thing that
they tend to annoy or threaten those who regard themselves as more
enlightened.”

  [参照译文]

  华盛顿圣Louis分校高校教育学教师杰拉尔德•霍尔顿在他壹玖玖伍年问世的《科学和反科学》大器晚成书中提议:“‘反科学’风流罗曼蒂克词把太多十分不近似的内容一概而论——而这几个内容唯有好几是联合具名的,那就是它们往往惹恼大概吓唬到那么些自以为比旁人知识更多的人。”

  [组织深入分析]

  本句是叁个直接引语,说话人是Harvard University philosopher Gerald
Holton,动词note在那处的意趣是“提议”。直接引语的率先部分是个简易句,个中lump
together的字面意思是“把…一概而论,把…合并到一同”。直接引语的第三局地相比较复杂,主干是They
have in common only one thing…,that they tend to annoy or threaten
those…是同位语从句,表达先行词one
thing的具体内容,此中those带有一个修饰它的定语从句who regard themselves
as more
enlightened。那风流洒脱部分的难题之一是代词的代表问题:首个they指代直接引语第生龙活虎局地的too
many, quite different
things,因为they经常代表复数名词;第3个they也是同样;themselves就近指代后面包车型客车those,指人。要推断指代关系,能够凭仗“单复数”和“就近原则”等专门的学问实行,然后将规定的代表对象代入,看是还是不是流畅和合乎逻辑。

  (本文撰写时参照他事他说加以考察了李传伟编慕与著述的《2009年考研葡萄牙共和国语真题长难句突破》和《2009年考研匈牙利语阅读真题全方位突破》)

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